Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin)

Born in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk), Russia. Lenin grew up in a revolutionary family, arrested and expelled from university in 1887 - the same year his brother Alexander, a member of the "People's Freedom" movement, was sentenced to death for an assassination attempt on the Tsar - he spent time in the remote Kazan province before moving to St. Petersburg in 1893. He continued the struggle there until a futher arrest, this time in 1897 saw him sent to Siberia. Obviously convinced it was safer abroad he left Russia but Russia by no means left him. He published the newspaper Iskra and continued to formulate revolutionary ideas advanced from those laid down by Marx and Engels.

1912 saw him move from Paris to Krakow where he took over the reins at the newspaper Pravda but again was forced to move when in July 1914 Austro-Hungarian police arrested him and forced his move to Switzerland. The Revolutionary events of 1917 saw a return to St. Petersburg (now renamed Petrograd.) Elected head of the new Soviet government he moved to Moscow but his rein was to be short-lived. Whilst the final throes of the civil war still raged he fell seriously ill and though he wrote and dictated a series of precepts that would form the basis of the Soviet state he remained immobile and tied to his dacha until his death in 1924. A power struggle raged for two years after his passing but eventually his successor was named as the one man he had previously warned his party against, Jospeh Stalin (qv)

Length of Rule - Seven years

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